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Discussion Starter · #1 ·
A friend of mine has an 85 Toyota 4x4 4 Cyl. Fuel Injected truck. It runs fine, but it is loosing coolant out the tailpipe. I'm guessing it is either a blown head gasket or a cracked head.
I haven't done much work on Toyotas or anything with an overhead cam period. I've changed plenty of heads on Fords and Chevy's, but never anything with an overhead cam. Is it pretty straitforward, or do you need specialty tools?

1,770 Posts
These sites explain the timing chain/headgasket replacement well: timingchain.html

In North America the 22R & 22R-E s are used in the following:

1981-82 Toyota Corona
1981-83 Celica
1981-87 Toyota pickup (up to 1990 on 2wd)
1984-87 Toyota 4-Runner

1983-85 Celica
1985-95 Toyota pickup
1985-95 Toyota 4-Runner

Any Public Library in your area would have the Factory service manual,Haynes,Chiltons,Mitchells,Clymers,Bentley and Toyota repair books.

There is also free AutoZone service manuals at:

1985 Toyota 4-Runner/pickup Factory Service manual:

1993 Toyota Pickup Service Manual:

2003 (2001-2004) Toyota Tacoma Factory Service Manual:

FSM (factory service manual)can be acquired in several ways:

Toyota Material Distribution Center
750 West Victoria St
Rancho Dominguez/Compton,CA 90220-5538
Ph:1-800-622-2033 (outside CA)(M-F: 7-5 PST)
Ph:1-800-443-7656 (inside CA)
Ph:1-310-818-4630 (in or outside CA)
Speak to Beverly or Deloris

1)buy a used one off e-bay
2)some Toyota dealerships may give you one or sell it for $10-20 (used) as most Toyota dealerships don't repair many old Toyotas and no longer need the service manual
3)some public libraries sell their old books as they are not in demand any longer
4)some free buy & sell classified papers,websites and bulletin boards may have some used ones for sale
5)some junk yards may have one laying around
6)some Toyota specialty garages may have one laying around and no longer use it as the vehicle may be too old and those mechanics probably have so much experience that they could publish their own factory service manual with corrections and "real world repair tips"
7)if someone has the FSM maybe they could scan all of the pages and post it on a site for all of us to download or view.

For scanned pages of factory service manuals for other engines:
then click on “AARC” or “Auto repair reference center”

Sidney® ™
Repairs tv's,vcr's,home/car audio out of my home
E-mail:[email protected]
Dartmouth,Nova Scotia
1985 Toyota 4-Runner,solid front straight axle,factory cruise control,sunroof,22R-E,W56,RN60LV-MSEK,rusted rear step/towing chrome bumper with 246 000 KM

NY born, Texas raised
705 Posts
Pretty straight-forward. Any Haynes, Chilton, etc will walk you through it. If you've done heads before, even on a Ford or Chevy, you should have no problem.
I did mine earlier this year. Make sure you label all those hoses. Otherwise, it can be done in 1 day if you don't run into problems.
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